Abbreviations and symbols

Abbreviations

BRICS
Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
CIF
cost, insurance and freight
Dem. Rep.
Democratic Republic
dwt
dead-weight tons
EBOPS
Extended Balance of Payments Services
FDI
foreign direct investment
FOB
free on board
GDP
gross domestic product
gt
gross tons
G20
Group of Twenty
HIPCs
heavily indebted poor countries
IMF
International Monetary Fund
ISIC
International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities
LDCs
least developed countries
LLDCs
landlocked developing countries
LSBCI
liner shipping bilateral connectivity index
LSCI
liner shipping connectivity index
Rep.
Republic
SAR
Special Administrative Region
SIDS
small island developing States
SITC
Standard International Trade Classification
TEU
twenty-foot equivalent unit
TFYR
the former Yugoslav Republic
UN-OHRLLS
United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and the Small Island Developing States
US$
United States dollars

Symbols

0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible.
_
The symbol underscore indicates that the item is not applicable.
..
Two dots indicate that the data are not available or are not separately reported.
-
The use of a hyphen on data area means that data is estimated and included in the aggregations but not published.
A hyphen between years (e.g. 1985 -1990) signifies the full period involved, including the initial and final years.
(e)
Estimated data
(u)
Preliminary estimate